Peripheral angioplasty

Peripheral Angioplasty at Vamsi Heart Care

Understanding Peripheral Angioplasty

Peripheral angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to open blocked or narrowed blood vessels outside of the heart, commonly in the legs, arms, or kidneys. These blockages, caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD), restrict blood flow and can lead to pain, tissue damage, and even limb loss if untreated.

Why Peripheral Angioplasty is Necessary

Peripheral artery disease results from the buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) in the arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis. Common symptoms of PAD include:

  • Pain or cramping in the legs or arms, especially during physical activity
  • Numbness or weakness in the limbs
  • Sores or wounds on the toes, feet, or legs that heal slowly
  • Coldness in the lower leg or foot
  • Changes in the color of the legs

When lifestyle changes and medications are not enough to relieve symptoms or prevent complications, peripheral angioplasty may be necessary to restore proper blood flow.

The Peripheral Angioplasty Procedure

Pre-Procedure Assessment: The process begins with a comprehensive assessment, including a physical examination and diagnostic tests such as Doppler ultrasound, angiography, or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) to pinpoint the location and severity of the blockage.

Procedure Preparation: You will receive detailed instructions on how to prepare for the procedure, including guidelines on fasting and medication adjustments.

During the Procedure:

Anesthesia: The procedure typically uses local anesthesia to numb the area where the catheter will be inserted.

Catheter Insertion: The surgeon inserts a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into a blood vessel, usually in the groin or arm.

Balloon Inflation: The catheter, guided to the site of the blockage, has a small balloon at its tip. The balloon is inflated to push the plaque against the artery walls, widening the artery and restoring blood flow.

Stent Placement: In many cases, a small wire mesh tube called a stent is placed in the artery to keep it open.

Post-Procedure Care: After the procedure, you will be monitored for a few hours to ensure there are no complications. Most patients can go home the same day or the next day.

Recovery: Recovery from peripheral angioplasty involves avoiding strenuous activities for a short period. Our team will provide you with detailed post-procedure care instructions and schedule follow-up appointments to monitor your progress and ensure a smooth recovery.

Benefits of Peripheral Angioplasty
  • Minimally Invasive: The procedure requires only a small incision, resulting in less pain and quicker recovery compared to traditional surgery.
  • Effective Relief: It effectively relieves symptoms of PAD, such as pain and cramping, allowing you to resume normal activities.
  • Improved Blood Flow: By restoring proper blood flow, peripheral angioplasty helps prevent severe complications like limb loss.