Stenting at Vamsi Heart Care

Understanding Stenting

Stenting is a minimally invasive medical procedure used to treat narrow or blocked arteries in various parts of the body, most commonly in the coronary arteries of the heart. A stent is a small, expandable mesh tube made of metal or plastic that is inserted into an artery to help keep it open and improve blood flow.

Why You Might Need Stenting

Stenting is recommended for several reasons:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): When plaque buildup causes narrowing of the coronary arteries, reducing blood flow to the heart muscle and causing symptoms like chest pain (angina).

Post-Angioplasty: Following angioplasty, a stent may be placed to help keep the artery open and prevent it from re-narrowing.

Acute Coronary Syndrome: In cases of heart attack or unstable angina, stenting can quickly open blocked arteries to restore blood flow and minimize heart muscle damage.

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): Stents are also used in peripheral arteries (legs, arms) to treat narrowing and improve circulation.

The Stenting Procedure

Preparation: Before the procedure, the medical team performs a thorough assessment, including imaging tests such as angiography, to identify the location and severity of the blockage. You will receive instructions on how to prepare, including fasting and medication adjustments.

During the Procedure:

Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is used to numb the area where the catheter will be inserted, typically the groin or wrist. A sedative may also be given to help you relax.

Catheter Insertion: A thin, flexible tube called a catheter with a deflated balloon and the stent mounted on it is inserted into the artery and guided to the blockage site.

Stent Placement: Once the catheter reaches the narrowed area, the balloon is inflated, expanding the stent and pushing it against the artery walls. The stent expands and locks into place, holding the artery open.

Balloon Deflation: The balloon is then deflated and removed, leaving the stent in place permanently.

Post-Procedure Care: After the procedure, you will rest in a recovery area where the medical team monitors your condition closely. You may need to stay in the hospital overnight for observation, depending on your specific situation.

Recovery: Recovery from stenting is typically quick, with most patients able to resume normal activities within a few days. You will receive instructions on wound care, medications, and lifestyle changes to maintain heart health. Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor your progress and the effectiveness of the stent.

Benefits of Stenting

Improved Blood Flow: Stenting restores blood flow through the artery, relieving symptoms of chest pain and reducing the risk of heart attack.

Minimally Invasive: Stenting is less invasive than traditional surgery, resulting in shorter recovery times and less discomfort.

Long-Term Solution: Stents remain in place permanently, providing a durable solution to keep arteries open.

Enhanced Quality of Life: Patients often experience increased energy levels and improved ability to perform daily activities.