Angioplasty treatment in Vijayawada

Angioplasty at Vamsi Heart Care

Understanding Angioplasty

Angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), is a minimally invasive procedure used to open narrowed or blocked arteries and restore blood flow to the heart muscle. This procedure is commonly performed to treat coronary artery disease (CAD), which occurs when the coronary arteries become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of fatty deposits (plaque).

Why You Might Need Angioplasty

Doctors may recommend angioplasty for several reasons:

Chest Pain (Angina): Persistent chest pain or discomfort that occurs when the heart muscle doesn’t get enough oxygen-rich blood.

Heart Attack: During a heart attack, angioplasty can quickly open blocked arteries to reduce damage to the heart muscle.

Blocked or Narrowed Arteries: When imaging tests reveal significant blockages or narrowing in the coronary arteries that could lead to a heart attack or other serious complications.

Failed Medical Therapy: If medications and lifestyle changes do not adequately control symptoms or improve heart health, angioplasty may be necessary.

The Angioplasty Procedure

Preparation: Before the procedure, the medical team performs a thorough assessment, including blood tests, an electrocardiogram (ECG), and possibly an angiogram to visualize the coronary arteries. You will receive instructions on how to prepare, including fasting and medication adjustments.

During the Procedure:

Anesthesia: Local anesthesia is used to numb the area where the catheter will be inserted, typically the groin or wrist. You may also receive a sedative to help you relax.

Catheter Insertion: A thin, flexible tube called a catheter is inserted into a blood vessel and guided to the affected coronary artery.

Balloon Inflation: The catheter has a small balloon at its tip. Once the catheter reaches the narrowed area, the balloon is inflated to widen the artery and push the plaque against the artery walls.

Stent Placement: Often, a small wire mesh tube called a stent is placed in the artery to keep it open. The stent remains in the artery permanently to ensure it stays wide and maintains proper blood flow.

Post-Procedure Care: After the procedure, you will rest in a recovery area where the medical team monitors your condition. You may need to stay in the hospital overnight for observation.

Recovery: Recovery from angioplasty is relatively quick, and most patients can return to normal activities within a few days. You will receive instructions on wound care, medications, and lifestyle changes to maintain heart health. Follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor your progress and the effectiveness of the procedure.

Benefits of Angioplasty

Immediate Relief: Angioplasty provides immediate relief from chest pain and other symptoms of coronary artery disease.

Minimally Invasive: The procedure is less invasive than traditional surgery, resulting in shorter recovery times and less discomfort.

Reduced Risk of Heart Attack: By opening blocked arteries, angioplasty reduces the risk of future heart attacks.

Improved Quality of Life: Patients often experience increased energy levels and an improved ability to perform daily activities.

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